As a rule, it is better to err on the side of rapid intervention ie, within hours to days in such patients. For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Surgegy for Rare Disorders at P. Vision loss begins peripherally and may not be noticed by patients intraranial late in the course. Visual function tests are the most important parts of the neurologic examination for diagnosing and monitoring patients with IIH. Definition of Benign intracranial hypertension Related Articles.
It is possible that the main title of the report Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name s and disorder subdivision s covered by this report. Intracranial Hypertension IH is characterized by increased pressure inside the skull. Intracranial means inside the skull and hypertension means high fluid pressure.
Intracranial hypertension means that the pressure fat burners uk 2015 the fluid that surrounds the brain cerebrospinal fluid or CSF is too high. Elevated CSF pressure often produces severe headache with visual difficulties, which, if left untreated weight loss surgery and intracranial hypertension result in permanent loss of vision or blindness.
Pseudotumor cerebri and benign intracranial hypertension are both former names for IH, which are now considered inaccurate. These names do not adequately describe the disorder and downplay the seriousness of IH. There are two categories of IH: primary intracranial hypertension and secondary intracranial hypertension. Primary intracranial hypertension, now known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension IIHoccurs without known cause.
This form most often occurs in young, overweightfemales in their reproductive years ages Secondary intracranial hypertension has an identifiable, causative agent, including drugs such as tetracyclinelithiumVitamin A -derived oral acne medications or excessive ingestion of Vitamin A, and oral or intrathecal steroidsgrowth hormone treatmentssleep apnea and certain systemic diseases such as lupusleukemiakidney failure uremiameningitis and dural venous sinus thrombosis. There is an association of IH and Chiari type I malformation.
Weight loss surgery and intracranial hypertension other causes have been suggested in the medical literature but have not yet been confirmed as true causes. It is critical in these patients to rule out an intracranial space occupying mass by neuro-imaging CT or MRI. Although many factors are known to trigger the disease, the mechanism by which IH occurs, in either primary or secondary forms, is not known.
In many cases, either type of IH may be chronic. A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies if availableand references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www. The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes.
It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians. It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name s and Disorder Subdivision s covered by this report This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the weight loss surgery and intracranial hypertension.
Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder. For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.
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Introduction. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, also known as benign intracranial hypertension or pseudotumour cerebri, is a condition of unknown cause. Jan 28, · Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of unknown etiology that predominantly affects obese women of childbearing age. The primary. Read medical definition of Benign intracranial hypertension Benign intracranial hypertension: Increased pressure within the brain in the absence of a tumor.